Doctoral degree research project: The importance of frugal energy innovations in global energy transitions 2015 – 2019
Since 2015, I have studied off-grid and island solutions and PV (photovoltaic) technologies and India. Special focus was chosen as the technical reliability and sustainability questions of solar photovoltaic micro-grids. Research work consisted of
- technical data analysis for measured data;
- interviews with off-grid energy practitioners (industry survey conducted in 2018), micro-grid field staff and solar energy users;
- laboratory tests for energy system components and
- literature searches in sustainability analysis, reliability engineering, development studies and solar energy engineering.
The project has been funded by the Tiina and Antti Herlin Foundation between 2016 and 2019, and Finnish Technology and Innovation Agency TEKES through New Global project of Aalto University in 2015 and 2016.
Power demand and technology adoption study in rural India 2017 – 2019
Since 2017, I contributed in a project on technical questions of energy systems as a Student Fellow at SAIS-ISEP. The two year project is an ambitious and comprehensive program on technology adoption, power demand, and willingness to pay for mini-grid power in rural India for the Initiative for Sustainable Energy Policy (ISEP) at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).
A Frugal Innovation Approach to Dynamic Electricity Pricing in Rural India: A Field Experiment 2016 – 2017
In 2016, I participated in an extensive measurement experiment of PV micro-grid supply and demand in Uttar Pradesh in India in collaboration with Columbia University and Boond Ltd., an Indian energy access company and a social enterprise. In the experiment, solar pico-grids were installed in seven habitations. In these habitations, the grid-connected households were randomly assigned different modes of electricity pricing on a weekly basis. The results were published in two papers Power availability and reliability of solar pico-grids in rural areas: a case study from northern India (doi:10.1016/j.seta.2018.08.005) and An Evaluation of Dynamic Electricity Pricing for Solar Micro-Grids in Rural India (doi:10.1016/j.esr.2018.05.007).
New Global of Aalto University 2015 – 2016
I am a member of an interdisciplinary innovation and action research network New Global. Through action research, experimentation, co-creation this network aims to foster the necessary capabilities for co-creating frugal and reverse innovations in global systems.