Towards Eco-Welfare State ORSI 2021–
In the coming decade, societies must adapt their activities to meet environmental limits. Finland must transform from a welfare state into an eco-welfare state. At the same time, we must ensure that our political goals and the practical measures we take to achieve them are as just and socially acceptable as possible. The ORSI project, funded by the Strategic Research Council, is looking to address these challenges. I am currently involved in the project activities through my postdoctoral researcher position at Aalto University.
Energy poverty project ASSIST 2019–2020
ASSIST was a European research and action project on energy poverty research and alleviation. I managed the project activities in Finland in practice e.g. by organising energy training events and producing reports. A highlight was a webinar in March 2020 where experts from academia, industry, civil society and state organisations shared views on energy poverty in Finland. Watch recording (Finnish) or read the webinar report (English). We also interviewed vulnerable Finnish household owners on their experiences (see report). ASSIST was probably the first EC funded project in Finland fully focusing on energy poverty.
ASSIST (Support network for household energy saving) functioned in 6 European countries between 2017 and 2020. Key project results include Vulnerable consumers and fuel poverty report which is an overview of the profile of energy vulnerable people in Europe. See also videos on project outcome on project website. Finnish partner in the project was VaasaETT.
Doctoral research project: The importance of frugal energy innovations in global energy transitions 2015–2019
On 20 June 2019, Aalto University admitted me the degree of Doctor of Science in Technology. During the exciting four years, I studied off-grid and island solutions and PV (photovoltaic) technologies and their use among rural communities in India at the New Energy Technologies Research Group in the School of Science at Aalto University, under the suprervision of Professor Peter D. Lund. Special focus was the technical reliability and sustainability of solar photovoltaic micro-grids. Download the dissertation Reliability and sustainability analyses of frugal solar photovoltaic micro-grid systems in emerging markets from Aaltodocs. Research work consisted of
- technical data analysis for measured data and laboratory tests for micro-grid system components;
- interviews with off-grid energy practitioners (industry survey conducted in 2018), micro-grid field staff and solar energy users;
- field trips and observative methods in poor off-grid communities in northern India
- multi-disciplinary sustainability analyses, reliability engineering and development studies.
My doctoral project is nicely presented in the New Global website with reflections on the global contribution of the work.
The project has been funded by the Tiina and Antti Herlin Foundation between 2016 and 2019, and Finnish Technology and Innovation Agency TEKES through New Global project of Aalto University in 2015 and 2016.
Power demand and technology adoption study in rural India 2017–2019
Since 2017, I contributed in a project on technical questions of energy systems as a Student Fellow at SAIS-ISEP. The two year project is an ambitious and comprehensive program on technology adoption, power demand, and willingness to pay for mini-grid power in rural India for the Initiative for Sustainable Energy Policy (ISEP) at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).
A Frugal Innovation Approach to Dynamic Electricity Pricing in Rural India: A Field Experiment 2016–2017
In 2016, I participated in an extensive measurement experiment of PV micro-grid supply and demand in Uttar Pradesh in India in collaboration with Columbia University and Boond Ltd., an Indian energy access company and a social enterprise. In the experiment, solar pico-grids were installed in seven habitations. In these habitations, the grid-connected households were randomly assigned different modes of electricity pricing on a weekly basis. The results were published in two papers Power availability and reliability of solar pico-grids in rural areas: a case study from northern India (doi:10.1016/j.seta.2018.08.005) and An Evaluation of Dynamic Electricity Pricing for Solar Micro-Grids in Rural India (doi:10.1016/j.esr.2018.05.007).
New Global of Aalto University 2015–2016
I am a member of an interdisciplinary innovation and action research network New Global. Through action research, experimentation and co-creation this network aims to foster the necessary capabilities for co-creating frugal and reverse innovations in global systems.
about the Author on Introduction.